architectural standards books
building types & styles books
drawing & modelling books
historic preservation books
interior design books
project planning & management books
study & teaching books
urban & land use planning books Two years later at Harvard, Gropius invited Marcel Breuer to assist him in the masters class in architecture as research associate (in 1938, as associate professor) and to join him in practice. Their team teaching was highly successful judging by the accomplishments of alumni. The most significant projects of the partnership were their own homes in Lincoln, Mass., and the housing project for defense industry workers at New Kensington, Pa., which established a new high standard of design for the federal government. There were other houses in New England, a mansion in Pittsburgh, and an interior for the Pennsylvania Pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair. Marcel Breuer resigned from the partnership in 1941 to begin his own practice and from the university in 1946. In New York, Marcel Breuer was joined at intervals beginning in 1953 by Herbert Beckhard, Robert Gatje, Hamilton Smith, and Tician Papachristou.
The first internationally important building project was the UNESCO building in Paris with Bernard Zehrfuss and Pier Luigi Nervi. Among other projects of note are the St. John's Abbey Church in Collegeville, Minnesota, and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, both with Smith as associate; the building for the Department of Housing and Urban Development and that for the Department of Health and Human Services, both in Washington with Beckhard as associate; and the IBM-France building with Gatje as associate in La Gaude, France.
Recognition and honors grew rapidly, particularly beginning in the 1950s. Among his awards are the Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects, and honorary degrees from Harvard and the Technical University of Budapest. Marcel Breuer is the subject of numerous articles and books, although too modest and too busy to have been the author of more than a few. Marcel Breuer retired in 1976 and died on the 1st of July 1981 after a long illness.
1. P. Blake, Marcel Breuer. Architect and Designer, New York, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1949.
2. Marcel Breuer, Sun and Shadow. The Philosophy of an Architect. Dodd, Mead, & Co., New York, 1956.
3. Marcel Breuer, "Les buts de I'architecture," Architecture: formes et fonchons., (9) 6-29 (1962-1963).
4. Marcel Breuer, "Genesis of Design." in G. Kepe.s, ed., The Manmade Object. G. Braziller. New York 1966, pp. 120-125.
5. K. Ichinowatari. ed., MBA: The Legacy of Marcel Breuer. Process Architecture, Tokyo, Japan, 1982.
6. A. Izzo and C Gubitosi, Marcel Breuer: Architettura 1921-1980, Florence, Italy, 1981.
7. T. Papachristou, Marcel Breuer, New Building and Projects, Praeger Publishers, New York, 1970.
8. C. Wilk, Marcel Breuer, Furniture and Interiors, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1981.